Complex Pasts : Diverse Future

Ancient Humans and Civilizations: How it all started

We all are aware that the planet Earth was formed around 4.5 billion years ago. Yet, the first life on Earth was seen not more than 3.8 billion years ago which means it took around 700 million years after the planet was formed, for the simplest and smallest life to be formed. Along with the geography, even life started to change.

Now, the first ancient human life started around 2.5 million years ago and lived in the paleolithic age which is approximately till 10,000 years ago just around the last ice age. The Humans of this time used nothing but stone and bone tools by living in caves mostly and sometimes simple huts. Their prime works were hunting and gathering. Yet, being so old, they did have taste towards art and did give importance for aesthetic sense. We can find that through paintings where they drew hunting scenes, a dancing girl, and a lot more which might have been missed or erased due to harsh climatic conditions.

Still, though invention of fire was a great thing in this period, there were no significant constructions except for the beautiful cave paintings. Few of which can be found in one of India’s paleolithic site, Bhimbhetka Caves, which were awarded the status of World Heritage site by UNESCO

Bhimbhetka cave paintings

But it was only after the Neanderthals, around 40,000 years ago, the present day modern man evolved and yet there was no massive construction. It was only after man started agriculture in the Neolithic age around 7000 BCE or 9,000 years ago, started to settle in a place and then thought of constructing shelters for themselves initially. The time period of these ages might vary from place to place but the name of the age can be considered in lieu of time period.

Now observing the World Heritage Day or the International Day for Monuments and Sites, this article is being brought to our readers under the theme "Complex pasts: Diverse future". This article is mainly focused on the ancient Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization and the contributions which were given by them for a diverse future. United we live divided we fall is what we were taught from our school days. It is more important for us to preserve our diverse culture and traditions and with hold our identity. We have to stay united and at the same time carry the pride and honor of each culture and the uniqueness of each region.

Lifenatphil Logo. Lifenatphil Celebrates World Heritage Day 2021 Complex Pasts: Diverse future. Red Fort, ancient Egypt symbols

First let us know about the Wealthy Mesopotamian Civilization...

Mesopotamian Civilization

Mesopotamia was a Bronze age Civilization in the southwestern regions of south Asia. In Greek ‘Mesopotamia’ translates to ‘between rivers’ and this civilization developed between the two ancient rivers namely Tigris and Euphrates, traces of which can be seen even now.

Facts about Mesopotamian Civilization. Who should pay taxes? The Poor or the Rich. Know what happened in Mesopotamia.

To know more about such shocking facts about the Mesopotamian Civilization, Click Here 

Now let us know about the highly developed Egyptians...

Egyptian Civilization

Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom of Egyptian Civilization

To know more about the Egyptian Civilization and its hidden truths, Click here

International Day for Monuments and Sites, 2021


Lastly, World Heritage Day is celebrated all around the world on April 18 every year. The motto of the event is to spread about dying cultures, rich cultural diversity and to learn how to preserve ancient culture. This year’s theme is ‘Complex Past and Diverse Future.’ Through this article we have featured two earliest known civilizations- Mesopotamia and Egyptian. Both these civilizations share many similarities and they both are responsible for several important technologies that we continue to rely on one way or another even today.


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